Hermeneutic Desire and Critical Rewriting: Narrative

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This is the essence of the transformation now engulfing our universities’ (Davidson, 1969). Literary structuralism often follows the lead of Vladimir Propp, Algirdas Julien Greimas, and Claude Lévi-Strauss in seeking out basic deep elements in stories, myths, and more recently, anecdotes, which are combined in various ways to produce the many versions of the ur-story or ur-myth. But after the long term growth experiences and economic development of the now developed world ‘marginal revolution’ headed by Karl Menzar emerged to reset the market ethics for the developed economies and generalized the principle of free market economics for all the economies of the world not considering the initial situation which sometimes termed as ‘kicking away the ladder’.

Althusser and His Contemporaries: Philosophy's Perpetual War

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As its popularity as a movement waxed and waned, some authors considered themselves 'structuralists' only to later eschew the label. Although structuralism represented the emergence of psychology as a field separate from philosophy, the structural school lost considerable influence when Titchener died. One cannot go beyond that without slipping into dogmatism. Poststructuralism is constantly revived through openness to the new (to pure difference). This line of research, called cognitive psychology, could be regarded as a new kind of structuralism.

Critical Semiotics: Theory, from Information to Affect

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The central issue was whether materialism could be identified with mechanism. It was felt by Mitin, Yudin and a group of predominantly younger thinkers that neither camp was really meeting the obligations of philosophy. Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi (1979; Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984). Be sure as well to "flesh out" the chart as much as you can by including terms suggested by other terms. A post-structuralist approach argues that to understand an object (e.g., a text), it is necessary to study both the object itself and the systems of knowledge that produced the object.

The Language of Fashion (Bloomsbury Revelations)

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Such a theory tends to gloss over the fact that only about 2 percent of the population own enough capital to live comfortably on the income it provides; the other 98 percent have to find an employer or live off state benefit. What makes a movement identifiable and interesting as distinct from a specific theory is simply that a movement consists in a large flourishing of intellectual work on one or more ideas, in a fairly specifiable time and place. Applications of biological determinism to social policy, such as scientific racism and eugenics, were also (at some point in time) included in modernist thought. [5] Postmodernism generally identifies the central narrative of modernity to be the promise of progress and the application and primacy of reason.

Confronting Postmaternal Thinking: Feminism, Memory, and

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Sign/signifier/signified: Terms fundamental to Ferdinand de Saussure’s structuralism linguistics. Analyses of theories of peace, peacebuilding, and reconciliation. Structuralistic literary criticism argues that the "literary banter of a text" can lie only in new structure, rather than in the specifics of character development and voice in which that structure is expressed. Jn. 6:45), a community that listens eagerly to the word with faith, love and docility (Dt. 6:4-6).

Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought

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The challenge for these countries was to find an individual way of proceeding to call their own. Structuralism took part in the efforts to revive intellectual development in the former Czecho-Slovakia in the 1960s as an efficient methodological instrument, a scientific meta-theory, as well as an inovation in the field of philosophical theory. The Marxian theory of class and class struggle is a vital part of the explanation of capitalist production.

Foucault Against Himself

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Blending Freud and De Saussure, the French (post)structuralist Jacques Lacan applied structuralism to psychoanalysis and, in a different way, Jean Piaget applied structuralism to the study of psychology. What we have seen so far would seem to confirm that indeed we do interpret the information that we receive, in other words, perception is a top down process. It emphasized the logical and scientific nature of its results. The term does originate within the period (1958-74) itself: those indulging in the various practices and activities I have already listed began to feel themselves to constitute a counter-culture.

Jacques Derrida's History of Philosophy: ICG Academic Series

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Video game design is extremely structuralist in this sense, all spaces are built around playtesting and studying how people respond to them. This 'reading' is formed, conducted, through certain mediating factors: the present structures of discourse, hence understanding, including the present conceptions of the discourse structures of the time of the 'writing' of the text. the traditions of reading, and the oppositions which those traditions have made possible, of that particular text, the expectations dictated by the genre of the text and the tradition of genre of the reading, the relations of meaning which are 'in' the text by virtue of its having been written at all, modified by the fact that these relations have a certain historical existence, a local, situated, and corporeal existence whose reality may or may not be imaginatively recoverable; the understanding that these 'historical' relations of meaning will to some extent be mystifying and ideologizing relations, the understanding that insofar as texts have a surplus of meaning they tend to reveal the flaws which the reigning discourse is attempting to mystify, the conceptual distances between the historical discourse / ideology / cultural codes / genre-traditions of the past and the historical discourse / ideology / cultural codes / genre-traditions of the present, which distance opens up 'new' meanings which the work could not have, in a sense, had before.

Concept and Form

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Critics of behaviorism noted that it failed to account for how internal processes impacted behavior. Nouveau Roman (“New Novel”) (c. 1955–1970): A French movement, led by Alain Robbe-Grillet, that dispensed with traditional elements of the novel, such as plot and character, in favor of neutrally recording the experience of sensations and things. For Transcendentalism was a distinctly American expression, with concerns and ideals that perhaps did not fully translate in England or Continental Europe.

Alpha Productivity: The Alpha Male's Guide to Time

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They arrive at the true goal of their work only when they have explained the meaning of the biblical text as God's word for today. The evidence can include what the author claims about his or her own work, his or her other works, details of rhyme, rhythm, frequency of occurrence of words, other linguistic or biographical considerations (Nehamas 1981: 145) and so on. Several recent developments inside and beside the mainstream of "cognitive science" -- though their proponents have not been keen to style themselves "behaviorists" -- appear to be rather behavioristic.