Foucault and the History of Our Present

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Hobsbawm's `Golden Age' begins in 1945, not 1958. One solution to this problem is simply to take all household activity that could also be done by waged labor (nannies, domestic servants, gardeners, chauffeurs, etc.) as work and to figure its comparable worth by the waged labor necessary to replace it (Folbre 1982, 1983). This does not mean that structuralist theorems are untranslatable, but rather that they require (and did require, in their international diffusion, which can hardly be called discreet) a labor of translation, inscribed in the materiality of languages and every bit as incompatible with the idea of the existence of an idiom that is philosophical “ by nature” (or by destiny) as with that of an idiomatic neutrality or indifference.3 Next, it is fairly clear that the rise or crystallization of the structuralist movement at the end of the 1950s, at first around ethnography and psychoanalysis (the two disciplines that Foucault refers to in The Order of Things as accomplishing an immanent critique of the perspective of the “ human sciences” and calling into question the empirico-transcendental dualism proper to the constitution of “ man” as both subject and object of a set of knowledges), occurs within a context that demands a detailed history, and which I would call the French episode of the question of philosophical anthropology y, following upon the German episode of the interwar period (around Cassirer, Scheler, Heidegger, and the successors of Dilthey), whose themes it carried forward in a certain way even while remaining fairly independent of the contemporaneous American episode.

Alcibiades II

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To what extent did they follow the rules of rhetoric in their work of composition? By questioning the process of developing meaning, post-structural theory strikes at the very heart of philosophy and reality and throws knowledge making into what Jacques Derrida called "freeplay": "The concept of centered structure...is contradictorily coherent...the concept of centered structure is in fact the concept of a freeplay which is constituted upon a fundamental immobility and a reassuring certitude, which is itself beyond the reach of the freeplay" (qtd. in Richter, 878-879).

Foucault 2.0: Beyond Power and Knowledge

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Next day, more students joined them, and the next day still more. Pre-Raphaelites (c. 1848–1870): The literary arm of an artistic movement that drew inspiration from Italian artists working before Raphael (1483–1520). The drug, and other similar medications, acts on neurotransmitters, specifically, serotonin. The connotation may be thought of as the aura of suggestion, the echo or trace of other words to which it is related by such things as association, common usage, similarity, etc.

Understanding Poststructuralism (Understanding Movements in

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Behaviorism reigned as the dominant model in psychology through the first half of the 20th century, largely due to the creation of conditioning theories as scientific models of human behavior, and their successful application in the workplace and in fields such as advertising. Until that time, American literature had merely replicated the fashions of Europe. But post-colonial theorists and authors might disagree with this perspective: "...as Chinua Achebe observes, the novel's condemnation of European is based on a definition of Africans as savages: beneath their veneer of civilization, the Europeans are, the novel tells us, as barbaric as the Africans.

Plato: Truth as the Naked Woman of the Veil: ICG Academic

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In other words, they focused on the structural characteristics that define a text as literature or poetry. That phrase was honed in reaction to struggles within the 1960s social movements out of which the Women's Liberation Movement first emerged. These objects are considered causally inert to the world. Hairless apes, being as they are a species of social primate, derive much of their knowledge from their group’s culture, which is in turn filtered through the lenses of their individual interpretive frames.

The Problem of Difference: Phenomenology and

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But when we use the term society we do not normally mean a distinct social structure, but rather the inhabitants of a certain territory or the subjects of a particular political authority. Cognitive psychology investigates internal mental processes, such as problem solving, memory, learning, and language (how people think, perceive, communicate, remember and learn). Hence the linguist who wishes to understand this state must rule out of consideration everything which brought that state about, and pay no attention to diachrony.

Between Kant and Hegel: Lectures on German Idealism

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Amazon-UK ], p. 140. ^ Pettit, Philip (1975), The Concept of Structuralism: A Critical Analysis, University of California Press, p. 117. ^ C. All of these constitute a system of signification. Studies in Metaphysics: Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 4. Simple Enumeration: (Bacon) The name given by F. Foucault tells us, for example, that in the "Classical age" the "space of knowledge" was "arranged in a totally different way from that systematized in the nineteenth century by Comte or Spencer" (p. xi).

Nationality Between Poststructuralism and Postcolonial

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How necessary it is, therefore, that participation in the liturgy be prepared for and accompanied by the practice of reading Scripture. Postmodernist music includes Philip Glass's minimalist works and John Cage's collaborative performances in which he involved the audience. For the last ten or fifteen years, the immense and proliferating criticizability of things, institutions, practices, and discourses; a sort of general feeling that the ground was crumbling beneath our feet, especially in places where it seemed most familiar, most solid, and closest to us, to our bodies, to our everyday gestures.

Course in General Linguistics (Bloomsbury Revelations)

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William Morris, Christina Rossetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and Charles Swinburne were leading poets in the movement. Semiotics is the study of sign processes, signification and communication, signs and symbols. How do characters from different classes interact or conflict? Working from this view, an artist’s biography becomes a useful tool in interpreting his or her work. “Freudian criticism” is also used as a term to describe the analysis of Freudian images within a work of art.

The Bible in Theory: Critical and Postcritical Essays

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Educational and School Psychology: Educational psychologists are concerned with the use of psychology to increase the effectiveness of the learning experience, including facilities, curriculum, teaching techniques, and student problems. But whatever the reasons, historical culture no longer occupies an important place within the literate culture of our time. Skinner's self-described "radical behaviorist" approach is radical in its insistence on extending behaviorist strictures against inward experiential processes to include inner physiological ones as well.